A headache is the manifestation of pain that occurs in the region of the neck or head. It is common in migraines, tension-type headaches, sinus headaches, cervical headaches temporal mandibular joint (tmj), migraines, and cluster headaches. Regular headaches can be detrimental to relationships as well as employment. Also, there is a greater probability of depression for those who suffer from frequent and severe headaches. There are over 200 reasons for headaches. We will briefly discuss the ones common to our office. TENSION HEADACHES A tension headache is caused by postural and muscular issues in the upper back. It is typical for them to begin at the head's base and move upwards over the head, and upwards until they reach behind the eyes. The main causes are poor sleeping habits, an inward neck posture, poor pillow Sữa nhập khẩu úc support, excessive computer work, eye strain and imbalance of the neck muscles. These are the most common headaches we encounter. They generally respond well chiropractic, muscle trigger point work medications, stress reduction and exercising. TEMPORAL MANIBULAR HEADACHES (TMJ) A temporal manibular (or TMJ) headache is pain in the jaws and over the temple or to the head's side. They are commonly worse with eating tough candy, steak, and chewing gum. There are numerous causes of this like muscle imbalance in jaw musclesand joint diseases (Osteoarthritis that affects the jaw) as well as dental malalignment and slipped articular disc of the tmj. These respond well to low an cung hàn quốc level treatment with laser (Pain Res Manag. 2018 May 10;2018) mobilization or exercise, electrical therapy, and sometimes an orthodontic splint. These are usually managed in conjunction with your dentist. CERVICAL HEADACHES Cervical headaches are the most frequent type of headache that originates from the cervical spinal. They are found in approximately 4 percent of the population. The majority of pain begins in the neck and runs through the head. It is more prevalent in women and in those who have suffered whiplash injuries and concussions. These headaches can arise from any neck or cervical structure, but the most common cause is in the neck's facet joints. They are responsive to mobilization, adjustments, (Front Neurol. 2016; 7: 40) exercise , and trigger point work. SINUS HEADACHES Sinus headaches are a common cause of headaches. The majority of the pain occurs in the front of the head. Most often, the cause is allergies, blocked or inflamed sinus cavity infection, viral and bacterial and referred pain from cervical nerves towards the top of the head. Sometimes the patient will feel sinus congestion with continuous flow or blockage. Infections caused by bacteria must be checked first and treated by antibiotics, if it is present. At times all of these symptoms are not present and you feel a pain in the front of the head. It is common for sinus headaches. They are usually referred through the cervical trigeminal nerve. The head's nerves have a common nerve pool that is shared with the neck. (See diagram below) This is the reason why certain patients respond well to neck treatment. These headaches are well-responded to treatment with chiropractic, medication, diathermy and Acupuncture. CLUSTER HEADACHES A cluster headache is an uncommon form of headache that affects about one to two people in each 1,000. The pain is typically located on one eye, a temple, or even the forehead. The pain usually is intermittent. It lasts from 30 minutes to 3 hours in most cases. They are more common among males and smokers. It is often triggered by alcohol. Most common remedy is to use oxygen. Sumatriptan along with zolmitriptan nasal sprays can be used for chronic sufferers. MIGRAINE HEADACHES The migraine is a condition that is characterized by frequent moderate to severe headaches that cause the sensation of throbbing that lasts from four hours to three days, typically beginning at one end of your head, but may expand to both sides. The most common signs are nausea, vomiting and sensitiveness to light or sound, sometimes associated with an aura. typically being followed by fatigue. Many of our patients will require a rest in a dark room when these occurand are typically difficult to treat. Elimination of alcohol and food that are high in nitrates such as ham, bacon and smoked meats can help prevent migraines. Caffeine can be beneficial, but it has side negative effects on some. (J Headache Pain. 2017; 18(1): 107). They respond well to acupuncture, medication fitness and nutritional changes. Migraines affect three times as many women as males. -The Journal of the American Medical Association DANGEROUS HEADACHES There are various types of headaches that are dangerous. These include epidural hematoma and bleeding from the brain. They most commonly occur after trauma to the head. Subdural hematoma bleeding is usually unintentional due to breakage of blood vessels. The symptoms are described as extremely sharp pain in the temple for no reason, like an axe in the head. Pain with swelling on the temple can be Temporal Arteritis. Temporal Arteritis is an itchyness of the temporal artery on the top of your head. The pain of acute glaucoma is in the eye secondary to increased pressure inside the eye. All of these are medical emergencies and should immediately be evaluated by the emergency room. Pain that wakes you up in the nighttime, especially if you were a cancer patient should be evaluated by an entire diagnostic exam. Numbness or weakness to one area of the body is a great concern for people who smoke. Trouble speaking, smiling or smiling, facial drops, dizziness or double vision, as well as loss of consciousness are reasons for immediate medical emergency visit to the hospital. Any sudden pain in the head without apparent reason should be enough for an immediate emergency room visit. TREATMENT Our office offers various types of headache treatment. These treatments include acupuncture, mobilization, low level lasertherapy, trigger point work as well as medication that is both anti-inflammatory and migraine, exercises, various types adjustment (manipulation) and diet /nutritional guidance. Each case is evaluated separately and an individual treatment plan is prescribed. This article is meant for informational purposes only. Please consult a health care professional prior to undertaking any treatment. Every treatment has risk.